GPPI Transatlantic Digital Debates Fellow

I have been selected to participate at the German Public Policy Institute’s Transatlantic Digital Debates Fellowship.

In recent years, debates between Germany and the US have heated up in the digital realm. Initially, surveillance was at the center. Since then, more facets have been added: discussions over transatlantic data transfers and the regulation of US technology companies are two recent examples.

Still, countries on both sides of the Atlantic face similar challenges as they deal with the impact of increasing digitization: changes in the public sphere due to social media; data-driven automation and implications for the job market; fighting cybercrime and increasing cybersecurity; protecting against influence operations and the increasing clout of authoritarian countries on global technology policy.

To build more long-term transatlantic cooperation, the Transatlantic Digital Debates (TDD) program fosters dialogue among future decision-makers.

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Hack, Leak, Amplify. Die Wirkungsweise von Cyber- Operationen und Desinformationen im Kontext der US Präsidentschaftswahlen 2016,

Im aktuellen Sammelbandbeitrag zu Propaganda als außenpolitische Herausforderung habe ich mir den Hack der Demokratischen Partei in den USA 2016 einmal genauer angesehen. Als konzeptionelle Grundlage für die Analyse verwende ich das Desinformationskonzept des ehemaligen KGB-Defektors Ladislav Bittman und schaue, wie sich der Zyklus der Desinformation am aktuellen Fall anwenden lässt. Die Diagnose ist, dass sich altbewährte Desinformationsprinzipien heute leichter anwenden lassen, da sie durch das Internet leichter skalieren und somit mehr Nutzer erreichen als im Kalten Krieg. Die grundsätzlichen Techniken und Prinzipien sind aber die gleichen. Desinformation ist dabei nichts anderes als eine destruktive Diskurstheorie, die auf die Vernichtung von etablierten Deutungsmustern sowie des gesamten Diskurses abzielt.

Schulze, M. (2018), Hack, Leak, Amplify. Die Wirkungsweise von Cyber- Operationen und Desinformationen im Kontext der US Präsidentschaftswahlen 2016, in: Oppelland, T., Propaganda als (neue) außen- und sicherheitspolitische Herausforderung, Schriften des Hellmuth-Loening-Zentrum für Staatswissenschaften Jena, Band 24. (Link)

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I joined the Transatlantic Cybersecurity Partnership

I joined the Transatlantic Cybersecurity Partnership facilitated by the American Institute for Contemporary German Studies and the Hanns-Seidel Foundation. The project description reads as follows

In the context of three meetings in Munich, Berlin, and Washington, DC, the working group of 10 American and 10 German policymakers will be discussing policies to address threats posed by cyber war and digital propaganda. These include digital propaganda affecting the democratic process during elections, and daily cyber security attacks that target government, military, and public service providers’ critical infrastructure. In addition, the national and international legal grey zone for many aspects of cybersecurity makes agreement between policymakers of both countries on cybersecurity norms critical. Cooperation between the private sector and government entities on best practices for ensuring cybersecurity is equally vital as tech firms have the cutting-edge ability to prevent and warn of cyberattacks.

The members of the working group are developing policy recommendations, which will be published and made available for both German and American policymakers as well as the general public. The Transatlantic Cybersecurity Partnership aims to:

  • improve information-sharing between the two countries on key cyber threats;
  • increase understanding between the private sector and government entities on best practices for ensuring cybersecurity;
  • expand the research on solutions to cybersecurity threats; and to
  • move the legislative and policy conversation in both countries to ensure budgets, standards, infrastructure, early warning, and risk management systems are in place to protect national and international security.
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Publikation – Going Dark? Dilemma zwischen sicherer, privater Kommunikation und den Sicherheitsinteressen von Staaten

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SWP Working Paper: Digitale Gegenangriffe. Eine Analyse der technischen und politischen Implikationen von „hack backs“

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Encryption under Threat / Verschlüsselung in Gefahr

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Von Wannacry zu Petya: Die neue Normalität von Cyber-Vorfällen

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